Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) is a non-manned aircraft based on radio remote control or controlled by its own program. Its successful development and battlefield use have opened a new chapter in the “non-contact war” dominated by long-range attack-type intelligent weapons and information weapons.

Compared with manned aircraft, it has the advantages of small size, low cost, convenient use, low requirements for combat environment, and strong survivability on the battlefield. It is favored by military forces all over the world. In several local wars, drones played a significant role in their accurate, efficient and flexible reconnaissance, interference, deception, search, school shooting and combat in irregular conditions. Research on related issues such as military academics and equipment technology. It will become an important role in the 21st century on the stage of land warfare, naval warfare, air warfare, and sky warfare with the arsenal ships, unmanned tanks, robot soldiers, computer virus weapons, space-based weapons, and laser weapons. The military struggle has had a far-reaching impact.

Some experts predict that “the future air battle will be the battle between the unmanned aerial vehicle with stealth characteristics and the air defense weapon.” However, because the drone is still a new thing in the field of military research, there are few practical experiences and various technologies. Not perfect enough, its combat application is limited to limited technologies such as high-altitude electronics and photographic reconnaissance, and it has not fully exerted its great battlefield influence and combat effectiveness. Therefore, the major military countries in the world are stepping up the development of drones. According to the actual inspection and the needs of future operations, drones will develop faster in more aspects.

Birth process:

The application of automation in aircraft driving is another major technological advancement after people fly into the sky. A drone is a non-manned aircraft that is controlled by radio or by its own program. Because he is a concentrated carrier of high-tech technology, it is mainly used in modern warfare.

The birth of the drone dates back to 1914. At that time, the First World War was in full swing. The two generals of Germany, Kader and Piccher, made a proposal to the British Military Aviation Society to develop a small aircraft that was operated by radio and operated by radio. It can fly over a target area of ​​the enemy and cast a bomb that was previously loaded on a small plane. This bold idea was immediately appreciated by Sir David Henderson, then chairman of the British Military Aviation Society. He appointed Professor A.M. Luo to lead a group of people to develop

development path

With the gradual maturity of drone technology, in the 1930s, the British government decided to develop an unmanned drone for the inspection of the effects of artillery on the battleship. In January 1933, the “Ferrell Queens” drone converted from the “Ferrell” seaplane was successfully tested. Shortly thereafter, the United Kingdom developed a two-wing unmanned drone with an all-wood structure named “De Havilland Moth”. Between 1934 and 1943, the United Kingdom produced a total of 420 such drones and renamed them “Bee King.”


Market analysis

In recent years, due to the demand-driven and several local wars, the outstanding performance of drones, the domestic research and development of drones has paid unprecedented attention, and the industry has exploded at an unprecedented rate. The first is the number of products that have emerged. At the 2010 Zhuhai Air Show, China showed more than 25 drones. Only at the Zhuhai Air Show a few years ago, China first introduced the concept of drone. Even at the last Zhuhai Air Show, China only showed a few drones. Secondly, the number of vendors involved has exploded. Moreover, domestic drone products have successfully gone abroad. Xi’an Aisin Technology Group’s ASN series of UAVs, Aerospace Science and Technology’s “Rainbow” UAV, and AVIC Chengfei Group’s “Pterosaur” UAVs have signed export orders.

The main function

Folding as a target machine

This is the original use of drones and can be used for testing and training of ground air defense and air combat weapons. For example, the MD2R5 target machine developed by Northrop Corporation of the United States has a maximum flying height of 8,250 meters and can be equipped with infrared tracer and radar signals.

Drone boosters can also be used as targets for artillery and missiles. Ryan’s BQM-34 target aircraft has a flight speed of Mach 1.5 and a flying altitude of 18,300 meters, which can be used to simulate enemy fighters. In the face of the growing threat of anti-ship missiles, the US Navy has also developed the BQM-74C sea-skiing drone for the evaluation of shipborne anti-missile systems.


Representative model

One of the major countries in the United States to develop and develop drones. The US military believes that drones are suitable for the “regional defense strategy” after the Cold War and the need to monitor regional conflicts. In order to improve the real-time reconnaissance capability of the battlefield, the US military developed and equipped the following drones.

Folding pioneer:

The power is 19 kW and the combat radius is about 185 km. For 5 hours, the load of 45 kg includes infrared or electro-optical imaging equipment. The “Pioneer” drone often detects potential high-level targets with the E-8C, and then the “Pioneer” drone enters the target area for reconnaissance.